The Highveld (highlands) of South Africa is situated on a high altitude plateau of sweeping grasslands, and is the commercial and industrial hub of the country. At its heart is the megalopolis Johannesburg, which stems from gold and diamond mining that dates back to the 1800's (the city's local name, Egoli, means the City of Gold).
Today Johannesburg is the powerhouse of Africa and home to the continent's busiest airport. Johannesburg is a wealthy and fast-paced city, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world, earning its reputation as the 'New York of Africa', while also being considered as one of the largest man-made forests in the world. The political history of the region is highly prevalent in the Apartheid, Hector Pieterson and Constitution Hill Museums, with a tour of Soweto wrapping up this emotional experience.